Fishing rods come in different lenghts, weights, and meterials
A fiberglass spinning rod and reel circa 1997.
Fishing rods or fishing poles are tools used to catch fish,
usually in conjunction with the sport of angling. (Sustenance
and commercial fishing usually involves nets). A length of
fishing line is attached to a long, flexible rod or pole:
one end terminates in a hook for catching the fish. A 'fishing
poles' is a simple pole or stick for suspending a line
(normally fastened to the tip), with a hooked lure or bait.
In contrast, 'fishing rods' refers to a more sophisticated
casting tool fitted with line guides and a reel for line stowage.
Fishing rods vary in action as well as length, and can be found
in sizes between 24 inches and 16 feet (4.9 m). The longer the rod, the greater the mechanical advantage in casting.
* 1 Types of fishing rods
* 1.1 Carbon Fibre Rod
* 1.2 Fly Fishing
* 1.3 Spin Casting Rods
* 1.4 Spinning Rods
* 1.5 Ultra-light Rods
* 1.6 Ice Fishing Rods
* 1.7 Surf Rods
* 2 History of fishing rods and rod design
* 3 Modern Rod Design
* 4 Fishing Rod "Action"
Types of fishing rods
Carbon Fibre Rod
These high-tech rods are commonly used for coarse fishing in
they are made using a variety of different qualities
of carbon fibre which is reflected in the price, the prices
range from about £300.($43.96) to £5,000.($2,197.80) Varying
in length from 5 meters(16.4ft) through to the longest at about
18.5 meters(60.7ft), they allow very precise positioning of the
bait,which in turn enables huge catches of fish with accurate
feeding,catches of carp on fisheries in the UK frequently
reach 90 kg (200 pounds) in a 5 hour match, mostly made up
of carp ranging in size from 250 grams (0.5lb) to 1.3 kg
(3lb) in weight. There are many suppliers of these rods,
including one of the most popular brands Browning, who
are part of the Zebco group of companies,other suppliers
include Preston Innovations, Map and Milo.
Main article: Fly fishing
Fly Fishing rods are long, thin, flexible fishing rods designed
to cast a fly (see Fly lure), usually consisting of a hook tied
with fur, feathers, foam, or other lightweight material.
Originally made of split bamboo, most modern fly rods are
constructed from man-made composite materials, including
fiberglass, carbon/graphite, or graphite/boron composites.
Instead of a weighted lure, a fly rod uses the weight of the
for casting, and lightweight rods are capable of
casting the very smallest and lightest fly. Typically, a
monofilament segment called a "leader" is tied to the fly line
on one end and the fly on the other.
Each rod is sized to the fish being sought, the wind and water
conditions and also to a particular weight of line: larger and
heavier line sizes will cast heavier, larger flies. Fly rods
come in a wide variety of line sizes, from size #0 rods for the
smallest freshwater trout and panfish up to and including
#16 rods for large saltwater gamefish.
Fly rods tend to have a single, large-diameter line guide (called a stripping guide), with a number of smaller looped guides (aka snake guides) spaced along the rod to help control the movement of the relatively thick fly line. To prevent interference with casting movements, most fly rods usually have little or no butt section (handle) extending below the fishing reel. However, the spey rod, a fly rod with an elongated rear handle, is often used for fishing either large rivers for salmon and steelhead or saltwater surf casting, using a two-handed casting technique.
See Fly fishing.
Fly rods are manufactured by a number of companies and custom
rod building is an active form of hobby among fly fishermen.
See Fly rod building. You must treat yourself and visit a
true master builder of fishing rods.
They are magnificent works of art!
Spin Casting Rods
Spin casting rods are rods designed to hold a spin casting reel,
which are normally mounted above the handle (See Fishing reel).
Spin casting rods also have small eyes and a forefinger grip
trigger. They are very similar to bait casting rods, to the point
where either type of reel may be used on a particular rod.
Spinning rods are made from graphite or fiberglass with a cork
or PVC foam handle, and tend to be between 5 and 8.5 feet
(1.5 - 2.6 m) in length. Typically, spinning rods have anywhere
from 5-8 large-diameter guides arranged along the underside of
the rod to help control the line. The eyes decrease in size from
the handle to the tip, with the one nearest the handle usually
much larger than the rest to allow less friction as the coiled
line comes off the reel. Unlike bait casting and spin casting
reels, the spinning reel hangs beneath the rod rather than
sitting on top, and is held in place with a sliding or locking
reel seat. Spinning rods and reels are widely used in fishing
for popular North American sport fish including bass, trout,
pike and walleye. Longer spinning rods with elongated grip
handles for two-handing casting are frequently employed for
saltwater or steelhead and salmon fishing. Spinning rods are
also widely used for trolling and still fishing with live bait.
These rods are used to fish for smaller species, they provide
more sport with larger fish, or to enable fishing with lighter
line and smaller lures. Though the term is commonly used to
refer to spinning or spin-cast rods and tackle, fly rods in
smaller line weights (size #0 - #3) have also long been
utilized for ultra-light fishing, as well as to protect the
thin-diameter, lightweight end section of leader, or tippet,
used in this type of angling.
Ultra-light spinning and casting rods are generally shorter
(4 - 5.5 feet is common) lighter, and more limber than normal
rods. Tip actions vary from slow to fast, depending upon
intended use. These rods usually carry 1 to 6 pound
(4.5 to 27 N) test fishing line. Some ultra-light rods are
capable of casting lures as light as 1/64th of an ounce -
typically small spinners, wet flies, crappie jigs, tubes, or
bait such as trout worms. Originally produced to bring more
excitement to the sport, ultra-light spin fishing is now widely
used for crappie, trout, bass, bluegill and other types of pan fish.
Ice Fishing Rods
These are typically very short spinning rods, varying between
24 and 36 inches in length, used to fish through holes in the
cover ice of frozen lakes, rivers and ponds.
Surf casting rods resemble oversized spinning or bait casting
rods with long grip handles intended for two-handed casting
techniques. Generally between 10 to 14 feet (3 - 4 m) in length,
surf casting rods need to be longer in order for the user cast
the lure or bait beyond the breaking surf where fish tend to
congregate, and sturdy enough to cast heavy weighted lures or
bait needed to hold the bottom in rough water. Some surfcasters
use powerful rods to cast up to six ounces of lead weight,
artificial lures, and/or bait hundreds of feet.
History of fishing rods and rod design
Judging by stone inscriptions, fishing rods go back to ancient
Egypt, China, Greece and Rome. Prior to widespread availability
of synthetic materials, such as fiberglass and graphite
composites, fishing rods were typically made from split Tonkin
bamboo, Calcutta reed, or ash wood, as it was necessary that
they be made light, tough, and pliable. The butts were frequently
made of maple, with bored bottom; this butt outlasted several tops.
Handles and grips were generally of cork, wood, or wrapped cane.
Guides were made of simple wire loops or, later, loops with
ring-shaped agate inserts for better wear. Even today, Tonkin
split-bamboo rods are still popular in fly fishing.
Rods for travelers were made with nickel-silver metal joints,
or ferrules, that could be inserted into one another forming
the rod. Some of them were made to be used as a walking cane
until needed for sport. Since the 1980s, with the advent of
flexible, yet stiff graphite ferrules, travel rod technology
has greatly advanced, and multi-piece travel rods that can be
transported in a suitcase or backpack constitute a large share
of the market.
Modern Rod Design
In theory, an ideal rod should gradually taper from butt to
tip, be tight in all its joints, and have a smooth, progressive
taper, without 'dead spots'. Modern design and fabrication
techniques, along with advanced materials such as graphite
and boron composites have allowed rod makers to tailor both
the shape and action of fishing rods for greater casting
distance, accuracy, and fish-fighting qualities. Today,
fishing rods are identified by their weight (meaning the
weight of line or lure required to flex a fully-loaded rod)
and action (describing the location of the maximum flex along
the length of the rod).
Modern fishing rods retain cork as a common material for grips.
Cork is light, durable, and tends to transmit rod vibrations
better than synthetic materials, although EVA foam is also used.
Reel seats are often of graphite-reinforced plastic, aluminum,
or wood. Guides are available in steel and titanium with a wide
variety of metal alloy inserts replacing the classic agate
inserts of earlier rods.
Fishing Rod "Action"
Fishing rods are rated in "Action" meaning behaviour of the
rod under flex, and "Power" meaning strength of the rod.
A SLOW ACTION rod is best described as a weak rod, which can
flex more toward the butt section. These rods are excellent for
detecting light bites from small fish and when using light line.
With this type of rod the stress from a fish is absorbed in
the rod more than on the line because the rod does flex almost
completely (parabolic action).
A FAST ACTION rod, if bent, is faster to return to its original
neutral position. Better suitable for accurate casts and for
animate artificial lures with jerking movements to simulate
life of a baitfish. A fast Action rods does flex most in the tip
section. Nowadays materials such as high-modulus graphite
achieve exceptional strength, sensivity and fighting power.
Power value (light, medium-light, medium, medium heavy, etc.)
is about lure weight and line diameter to be used: a fast and
powerful muskie rod is very different from a slow and light
power rod for trout fishing in small streams.
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